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Ausrine Stundyte as Cio-Cio-San, Elizabeth Janes as Butterfly’s child and Sarah Larsen as Suzuki in Seattle Opera's production of Puccini's Madama Butterfly. Photo by Elise Bakketun.
North American Works Directory Listing
White Raven
Philip Glass
Luisa Costa Gomes
Robert Wilson (Director)
September 26, 1998
Commissão Nacional para as Comemoraçôes dos Descobrimentos Portugueses
The opera touches upon discoveries throughout time beginning with the expeditions of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama.

"The work is not concerned with historical accuracy. It pursues, rather, an open reflection on the concept of beginning (as Aristotle writes, 'a beginning is that which does not come necessarily after something else, but after which it is natural for another thing to exist or to come to be'). The title White Raven alludes to the myth in which Apollo turns a white crow black for denouncing Cronis' infidelity - in the opera the crow is the messenger of the misfortune, the symbol of lost innocence."

— Luísa Costa Gomes
Queen, Scientist 1 (s)
Raven 1, off-stage voice Act 4-B (s)
Raven 2, Scientist 2 (mz)
Da Gama, Traveler 1 (b-bar)
King (bar)
Native Queen, Miss Universe, Dragon (mz)
Sailor 1, Scientist 3, Traveler 2 (t)
Sailor 3, Traveler 3 (bar)
Sailor 2, Traveler 4 (b-bar)
Judy Garland, Siamese Twin 1 (s)
Siamese Twin 2 (s)
Barcelos Clock, Dogman (mz)
Spoonman (t)
Tin Man, Ocephalus (t)
Native King, Elephant Foot (b)
Writer - speaking only
2 fl, pic, 2 ob, 2 cl, Ebcl, bcl, 2 bsn - 4 hrn, 3 tpt, 2 tbn, btbn, tba - 4 perc - hp, epf - str
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The building is on the same block as the train stop.

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