White Raven
Composer: Philip Glass
Librettist: Luisa Costa Gomes
Other Artistic Personnel: Robert Wilson (Director)
Work Web Site: http://www.chesternovello.com/default.aspx?TabId=2
Premiere Date: September 26, 1998
Producing Company: Commissão Nacional para as Comemoraçôes dos Descobrimentos Portugueses
Description: The opera touches upon discoveries throughout time beginning with the expeditions of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama.

"The work is not concerned with historical accuracy. It pursues, rather, an open reflection on the concept of beginning (as Aristotle writes, 'a beginning is that which does not come necessarily after something else, but after which it is natural for another thing to exist or to come to be'). The title White Raven alludes to the myth in which Apollo turns a white crow black for denouncing Cronis' infidelity - in the opera the crow is the messenger of the misfortune, the symbol of lost innocence."

— Luísa Costa Gomes
Character List (Major): Queen, Scientist 1 (s)
Raven 1, off-stage voice Act 4-B (s)
Raven 2, Scientist 2 (mz)
Da Gama, Traveler 1 (b-bar)
King (bar)
Native Queen, Miss Universe, Dragon (mz)
Sailor 1, Scientist 3, Traveler 2 (t)
Sailor 3, Traveler 3 (bar)
Sailor 2, Traveler 4 (b-bar)
Judy Garland, Siamese Twin 1 (s)
Siamese Twin 2 (s)
Barcelos Clock, Dogman (mz)
Spoonman (t)
Tin Man, Ocephalus (t)
Native King, Elephant Foot (b)
Writer - speaking only
Length: 02:20
Total Acts: 5
Chorus: SATB
Orchestration: 2 fl, pic, 2 ob, 2 cl, Ebcl, bcl, 2 bsn - 4 hrn, 3 tpt, 2 tbn, btbn, tba - 4 perc - hp, epf - str
Contact: Dunvagen Music Publishers Inc
Address: 257 Park Avenue South, 20th Floor
New York, NY 10010
E-mail Address: pm@schirmer.com
Phone: 212-254-2100
Composer Web Site: http://www.chesternovello.com/default.aspx?TabId=2
Publisher Web Site: http://www.chesternovello.com
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