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North American Works Directory Listing
Amelia Goes To The Ball
Gian Carlo Menotti
Gian Carlo Menotti was born on 7 July 1911, in Cadegliano, Italy. At the age of 7, under the guidance of his mother, he began to compose songs, and four years later he wrote the words and music of his first opera, The Death of Pierrot. In 1923 he began his formal musical training at the Verdi Conservatory in Milan. Following the death of his father, his mother took him to the United States, where he was enrolled at Philadelphia's Curtis Institute of Music. There he completed his musical studies, working in composition under Rosario Scalero.

His first mature work, the one-act opera buffa, Amelia Goes to the Ball, was premiered in 1937, a success that led to a commission from the National Broadcasting Company to write an opera especially for radio, The Old Maid and the Thief, the first such commission ever given. His first ballet, Sebastian, followed in 1944, and for this he wrote the scenario as well as the score. After the premiere of his Piano Concerto in 1945, Menotti returned to opera with The Medium, shortly joined by The Telephone, both enjoying international success.

The Consul, Menotti's first full-length work, won the Pulitzer Prize and the New York Drama Critics Circle award as the best musical play of the year in 1954. By far Menotti's best-known work is the Christmas classic Amahl and the Night Visitors, composed for NBC-TV in 1951. This beloved opera celebrated the 50th anniversary of its premiere in 2001, and continues to receive hundreds of performances annually.

Menotti writes the text to all his operas, the original language being English in every case, with the exception of Amelia Goes to the Ball, The Island God, and The Last Savage, which were first set to Italian words. Recent operas include The Singing Child (1993) and Goya (1986), written for Plácido Domingo and given its premiere by The Washington Opera. In the summer of 2004 Domingo reprised the role at Vienna's Theater an der Wien. Menotti's most recent vocal works are Jacob's Prayer (1997), a commission from the American Choral Directors Association, Gloria, written as part of a composite Mass celebrating the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize, For the Death of Orpheus, with a premiere by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra led by Robert Shaw in November 1990, and Llama de Amor Viva, premiered in April 1991. A trio for the Verdehr Trio received its world premiere at the Spoleto Festival on Menotti's 85th birthday in July 1996.

In addition to the numerous operatic works, Menotti has enriched the artistic world with ballets, including Errand into the Maze (in the 2005 repertory of the Martha Graham Dance Company), and The Unicorn, the Gorgon, and the Manticore; Pastorale for Piano and Strings (1934); Poemetti, a suite of piano pieces for children (1937); The Hero (1952), a song on a text by Robert Horan; and Canti della Lontananza, a cycle of seven songs (1967). He also wrote the libretti to Samuel Barber's operas Vanessa and A Hand of Bridge.

1958 saw the opening of Menotti's own festival, the Festival of Two Worlds, in Spoleto, Italy. Devoted to the cultural collaboration of Europe and America in a program embracing all the arts, the Spoleto Festival has gone on to be one of the most popular festivals in Europe. The festival literally became "of two worlds" in 1977 with the founding of Spoleto USA in Charleston, South Carolina, which he led until 1993 when he became Director of the Rome Opera. Well into his 90s he continued to direct opera at Spoleto and elsewhere. His 1996 Spoleto production of Amahl was filmed for commercial release. During the 2005-06 season The Consul will be produced at Teatro Regio in Italy; performances in the 2004-05 season included productions at the Arizona Opera and in Zurich, Switzerland.

In 1984 Menotti was awarded the Kennedy Center Honor for lifetime achievement in the arts. He was chosen the 1991 "Musician of the Year" by Musical America, inaugurating worldwide tributes to the composer in honor of his 80th birthday. His music has been published by G. Schirmer since 1946.
Gian Carlo Menotti
April 01, 1937
In her apartment in Milan, Amelia and her friend are excitedly preparing for the grand ball. Suddenly, Amelia's husband bursts in, demanding to know who Amelia's lover is. She agrees to tell him but only if he will still accompany her to the ball. He agrees and she reveals her lover as the man who lives upstairs. The husband dashes out the door to shoot him.

Amelia bemoans her tragic predicament: she is going to miss the most fabulous ball of the season. Resigned to a night in, she goes to the balcony to warn her lover of her husbands wrath and he climbs down a rope to escape into her arms. He urges her to flee with him but is devastated when she refuses. Instead she insists he take her to the ball instead of her husband. He agrees and hides in an alcove as she finishes preparing to go. Her husband bursts back in and sees the rope, knowing the lover is hidden somewhere in the room. He finds the lover's hiding place and attempts to kill him but the pistol won't fire. The three are embroiled in a passionate musical argument over the legal and moral entanglement they are in and Amelia, impatient, breaks a vase over her husband's head to end the debate. Shouting for help the chorus and Chief of Police show up to help her. Amelia explains that she was preparing for the ball when a burglar broke in and hit her husband with the vase. The lover is taken to jail and the gallant Chief of Police invites Amelia to ball on his arm.
Amelia (s)
Her Husband (bar)
The Lover (t)
The Friend (c)
The Chief of Police (b)
Two Chambermaids (ms)
Length is not available.
1
SATB
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Schedule of Performances Listings
Amelia Goes to the Ball (Menotti)
Wednesday, December 05, 2001 - Manhattan School of Music Opera Theater

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