Amahl and the Night Visitors
Composer: Gian Carlo Menotti
Composer Bio: Gian Carlo Menotti was born on 7 July 1911, in Cadegliano, Italy. At the age of 7, under the guidance of his mother, he began to compose songs, and four years later he wrote the words and music of his first opera, The Death of Pierrot. In 1923 he began his formal musical training at the Verdi Conservatory in Milan. Following the death of his father, his mother took him to the United States, where he was enrolled at Philadelphia's Curtis Institute of Music. There he completed his musical studies, working in composition under Rosario Scalero.

His first mature work, the one-act opera buffa, Amelia Goes to the Ball, was premiered in 1937, a success that led to a commission from the National Broadcasting Company to write an opera especially for radio, The Old Maid and the Thief, the first such commission ever given. His first ballet, Sebastian, followed in 1944, and for this he wrote the scenario as well as the score. After the premiere of his Piano Concerto in 1945, Menotti returned to opera with The Medium, shortly joined by The Telephone, both enjoying international success.

The Consul, Menotti's first full-length work, won the Pulitzer Prize and the New York Drama Critics Circle award as the best musical play of the year in 1954. By far Menotti's best-known work is the Christmas classic Amahl and the Night Visitors, composed for NBC-TV in 1951. This beloved opera celebrated the 50th anniversary of its premiere in 2001, and continues to receive hundreds of performances annually.

Menotti writes the text to all his operas, the original language being English in every case, with the exception of Amelia Goes to the Ball, The Island God, and The Last Savage, which were first set to Italian words. Recent operas include The Singing Child (1993) and Goya (1986), written for Plácido Domingo and given its premiere by The Washington Opera. In the summer of 2004 Domingo reprised the role at Vienna's Theater an der Wien. Menotti's most recent vocal works are Jacob's Prayer (1997), a commission from the American Choral Directors Association, Gloria, written as part of a composite Mass celebrating the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize, For the Death of Orpheus, with a premiere by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra led by Robert Shaw in November 1990, and Llama de Amor Viva, premiered in April 1991. A trio for the Verdehr Trio received its world premiere at the Spoleto Festival on Menotti's 85th birthday in July 1996.

In addition to the numerous operatic works, Menotti has enriched the artistic world with ballets, including Errand into the Maze (in the 2005 repertory of the Martha Graham Dance Company), and The Unicorn, the Gorgon, and the Manticore; Pastorale for Piano and Strings (1934); Poemetti, a suite of piano pieces for children (1937); The Hero (1952), a song on a text by Robert Horan; and Canti della Lontananza, a cycle of seven songs (1967). He also wrote the libretti to Samuel Barber's operas Vanessa and A Hand of Bridge.

1958 saw the opening of Menotti's own festival, the Festival of Two Worlds, in Spoleto, Italy. Devoted to the cultural collaboration of Europe and America in a program embracing all the arts, the Spoleto Festival has gone on to be one of the most popular festivals in Europe. The festival literally became "of two worlds" in 1977 with the founding of Spoleto USA in Charleston, South Carolina, which he led until 1993 when he became Director of the Rome Opera. Well into his 90s he continued to direct opera at Spoleto and elsewhere. His 1996 Spoleto production of Amahl was filmed for commercial release. During the 2005-06 season The Consul will be produced at Teatro Regio in Italy; performances in the 2004-05 season included productions at the Arizona Opera and in Zurich, Switzerland.

In 1984 Menotti was awarded the Kennedy Center Honor for lifetime achievement in the arts. He was chosen the 1991 "Musician of the Year" by Musical America, inaugurating worldwide tributes to the composer in honor of his 80th birthday. His music has been published by G. Schirmer since 1946.
Librettist: Gian Carlo Menotti
Other Artistic Personnel: Thomas Schippers (Conductor)
Kirk Browning (Director)
Samuel Chotzinoff (Producer)
Eugene Berman (Costume & Set Designer)
John Butler (Choreographer)
Original Cast: Rosemary Kuhlmann (Mother)
Chet Allen (Amahl)
Andrew McKinley (Kaspar)
David Aitken (Melchior)
Leon Lisher (Balthazar)
Frances Monachino (the Page)
Work Web Site: http://www.schirmer.com/default.aspx?TabId=2420&State_2874=2&workId_2874=30678
Premiere Date: December 24, 1951
Producing Company: NBC television
Description: In this warm and compassionate story, Gian Carlo Menotti has captured the essential spirit of Christmas.

The story tells of the night the Three Kings, following the star to Bethlehem, stop for shelter at the home of Amahl, a poor, crippled shepard boy who lives with his widowed mother. Inspired by the Wise Men's tale of a kingdom "built on love alone," Amahl offers his own simple gift to the Christ Child. And then a miracle happens. . .
Character List (Major): Amahl(boy s)
His Mother(s)
Kaspar(t)
Melchior(bar)
Balthazar(b)
Page(b)
Bit Parts: Chorus of Shepherds and Villagers
Video Clip:
Length: 00:46
Total Acts: 1
Chorus: SATB Chorus
Orchestration: 1 fl, 2 ob, 1 cl, 1 bsn - 1 hrn, 1 tpt - perc - hp, pf - str; Alt. Version: 2 pf
Ballet/Dance: Dancers
Contact: G. Schirmer, Inc.
Address: 257 Park Avenue South, 20th Floor
New York, NY 10010
E-mail Address: pm@schirmer.com
Phone: 212-254-2100
Publisher Web Site: http://www.schirmer.com
Schedule of Performances Listings
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 13, 2014 - Livermore Valley Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 13, 2014 - Fargo-Moorhead Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 6, 2014 - Des Moines Metro Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Sunday, December 15, 2013 - Mississippi Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 6, 2013 - Indianapolis Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, November 8, 2013 - Amarillo Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 8, 2012 - Livermore Valley Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 8, 2012 - Delaware Valley Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Wednesday, December 5, 2012 - Indianapolis Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 3, 2011 - Opera Idaho
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 16, 2010 - Intimate Opera Company
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 4, 2010 - Opera Idaho
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 12, 2009 - Fargo-Moorhead Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 5, 2009 - Opera Idaho
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Tuesday, December 9, 2008 - Nashville Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 22, 2007 - Opera Carolina
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Wednesday, December 12, 2007 - Lyric Opera San Diego
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 7, 2007 - Piedmont Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 1, 2007 - Fargo-Moorhead Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 22, 2006 - Skagit Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 21, 2006 - Mercury Opera Rochester
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Wednesday, December 20, 2006 - Chelsea Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 14, 2006 - Opera Theater of Pittsburgh
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 8, 2006 - Opera Memphis
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 7, 2006 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 7, 2006 - Opera Vivente
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 1, 2006 - Piedmont Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, November 30, 2006 - Nashville Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 17, 2005 - Opera Theater of Pittsburgh
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 16, 2005 - Des Moines Metro Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 16, 2005 - Opera Carolina
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 9, 2005 - Opera Memphis
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 3, 2005 - Living Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 10, 2004 - Opera Memphis
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 20, 2003 - Toledo Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 20, 2003 - Asheville Lyric Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 19, 2003 - Des Moines Metro Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 5, 2003 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 5, 2003 - Opera Carolina
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Sunday, December 29, 2002 - Opera Carolina
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 19, 2002 - Asheville Lyric Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 13, 2002 - Opera Roanoke
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 6, 2002 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Sunday, December 23, 2001 - Opera Company of Brooklyn
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 20, 2001 - Asheville Lyric Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 13, 2001 - Opera Theater of Pittsburgh
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 7, 2001 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, November 30, 2001 - University of Kentucky Opera Theatre
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 15, 2000 - Opera Southwest
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 14, 2000 - Opera Theater of Pittsburgh
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 8, 2000 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, November 17, 2000 - University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 3, 1999 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 4, 1998 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 5, 1997 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 5, 1997 - Opera San Luis Obispo
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Sunday, December 31, 1995 - Commonwealth Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 15, 1995 - Opera San Luis Obispo
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 8, 1995 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 2, 1995 - Jefferson Performing Arts Society
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, November 30, 1995 - North Bay Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 15, 1994 - Atlanta Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 9, 1994 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 2, 1994 - Opera Roanoke
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Saturday, December 18, 1993 - Springfield Regional Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Wednesday, December 8, 1993 - Lyric Opera of Kansas City
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 3, 1993 - Dayton Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 2, 1993 - Tri-Cities Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 18, 1992 - Townsend Opera Players
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 11, 1992 - Atlanta Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Tuesday, December 8, 1992 - Lyric Opera of Kansas City
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Thursday, December 19, 1991 - Mississippi Opera
Amahl and the Night Visitors (Menotti)
Friday, December 6, 1991 - Utah Symphony | Utah Opera
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