March 7, 1993 | Peabody Opera at Johns Hopkins University
With Blood, With Ink
Composer:Daniel Crozier
Librettist:Peter M. Krask
"With Blood, With Ink dramatizes the visionary and tragic life of the 17th century Mexican nun and poet, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1648–95). One of six bastard children, Juana Inés made her way to the glittering Viceregal palace in Mexico City, where the self-taught prodigy dazzled the court with her beauty, brilliance, and intellectual virtuosity. Without a place in the confines of colonial society and unwilling to marry (or become a courtesan), Juana Inés joined a convent in an effort to maintain her career as a writer and intellectual. Over the next twenty years, Sor Juana cultivated a literary salon, served as a court advisor, published two volumes of secular poetry to international acclaim, argued for the education of women, and collected the largest library in the Americas—all from behind the cloister walls.

Hers was an extraordinary life; one bound to create enemies and foster bitterness. In 1693, it came to a stop. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, the “Tenth Muse” and “Phoenix of America,” was forced by the Inquisition to sign an oath in blood renouncing her life’s work. Within two years—two years of silence—she was dead.

With Blood, With Ink explores this fascinating and heartbreaking life in nine continuous scenes, each of which is framed by textural and musical fragments of the Requiem mass. The novelty of the opera is the device of having two singers play Sor Juana simultaneously—one as the Dying Juana watching her life as if in a dream, and the other as Young Juana living that life. Throughout the opera, Dying Juana watches her younger self, through all of the years her memory can embrace, and attempts to warn and comfort this elusive shadow who cannot be physically reached until the opera’s climactic moment. Then, arms outstretched through the haze of years and memories, Dying Juana embraces her younger self with the words, “Enough of suffering, my love. Enough.” Reconciled to herself, at last, she dies.

No opera—especially an opera in one act—can do full justice to such a rich and disturbing story, or to such complex, inspiring, and even confounding woman. Many liberties have been taken: historical figures have been combined into composite characters, chronologies have been compressed and altered, and theological and political arguments have been simplified, all in the interest of dramatic clarity. But, wherever possible, whether in fragments or borrowed imagery, Sor Juana’s poetry has been incorporated into the text. And like Sor Juana, who believed that poetry could reveal truths that could in no other way be expressed, the creators of With Blood, With Ink hope to explore and honor this amazing story in the spirit and service of larger truths."

-Peter M. Krask

Click company name to view productions details.
Fort Worth OperaWith Blood, With Ink4/4/2014 - 5/10/2014

OPERA America/ Grants Awarded
Click here to learn more about OPERA America granting programs.
New Works Exploration Grants2014

Title Information

All information is derived from OPERA America's Season Schedule of Performances and titles databases which date back to 1991. OPERA America is constantly updating this data. If you feel that a work or an artist has been omitted or that information is incorrect, please use the linked forms below.
Title Information Form
Artist Information Form

Original Cast
Monica Reinagel (Dying Juana)
Elizabeth Knauer (Young Juana)
Kenneth Shelley (Padre Antonio)
Kathleen Stapleton (Countess of Paredes)
Kristi Cook (Prioress)
Jennifer Davison (Sor Isabel)
Nicolee Wilkin (Sor Rosa)
Steven Rainbolt (Archibishop Seijas)

mom have massage son son friends vs mum xxx
To have your company’s photos included in the header rotation, send photos that are at least 1200px wide and 550px tall to Please note that submission of photos does not guarantee inclusion.
All OPERA America facilities are handicapped accessible. The National Opera Center features ground-level entry with elevators to the venue. All spaces are wheelchair accessible, and modular seating can be arranged to accommodate wheelchair users for all programs and performances. Handicapped accessible restrooms are available on all floors.
330 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001
Tel: 212.796.8620 • Fax: 212.796.8621

Privacy PolicyReturns Policy
Financial Statements
© Copyright 1995-2017 OPERA America Inc.

Technical issue with the website? Let us know.